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If you are in need of personal resources and support, contact us.

The Foundation United is dedicated to not only combatting sex trafficking and exploitation through our training programs and initiatives but also by equipping you with solutions. Recognizing the warning signs and accessing resources is vital in preventing the next generation from being abused and exploited.

Top Indicators of Sex Trafficking/Exploitation

  • Signs of or history of emotional, sexual, or other physical abuse, sexually transmitted diseases 

  • The unexplainable appearance of expensive gifts, clothing, or other costly items 

  • Presence of an older boy/girlfriend 

  • Minor in the company of a controlling third party

  • Lack of knowledge about a given community or whereabouts 

  • Bruising and injuries, signs of branding/tattoos

  • Runaway/homeless 

  • Lying about age, giving false ID and/or no ID 

  • Well-rehearsed and/or inconsistent stories


  • Sexual violence survivors have an increased risk of developing suicidal ideations, PTSD, chronic depression, and addiction

  • One billion children experience abuse in some form every year (sexual, emotional, physical, and/or verbal)

  • .5% of trafficking survivors are ever rescued. A decade ago, it was 1%

  • Less than 1% of survivors of trafficking ever see their traffickers convicted

  • Up to 80-90% of victims of sex trafficking are women and children

  • 60% of child sex trafficking victims have been in the child welfare system

  • 80% of girls involved in human trafficking had been in the child welfare system in the past

  • 1 out of 3 girls and 1 out of 5 boys are sexually abused as children

  • 91% of childhood sexual abuse victims report knowing their abuser

  • 92% of sex trafficking survivors were sexually abused as children

  • Reports of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) online have increased 15,000% over the last 15 years

  • Many survivors report sexual abuse beginning between 3-4 years old

  • 24 million - 40 million people around the world are victimized by human trafficking at any given time

  • 2 million children are taken into sex trafficking each year

  • Child sex trafficking has been reported in all 50 states

  • The average age of children running away and entering into sex trafficking is 12-14 years old

  • Within 48 hours of running away, 1 out of 3 children are solicited for sex

  • Victims can be sold 15-40 times every 24 hours

  • It takes 7-8 touch points with a victim before she is ready to step into care

  • Pornography gets more visitors each month than Netflix, Amazon, and X combined

  • 1 in 7 children receive online sexual solicitation

  • There are over half a million predators online every day

  • Traffickers may recruit victims through close relationships and by posing as a romantic interest ("friending" and "seduction")

  • Traffickers have made up to $1.6 million per year off of victims

  • Sex trafficking is a $150 billion dollar industry

  • Romania is at the epicenter of sex trafficking survivors in Europe

  • 78% of sex trafficking survivors rescued in Europe are from either Romania or Moldova. 50% of these survivors are children

  • Of the children who are trafficked by family, 65% of traffickers are the victim's mother; 32% are the victim’s father

  • 89% of sexual advances directed at children occur in Internet chatrooms or through instant messaging

  • 41% of children report seeing online porn during the school day

Resources for Parents

Family Portrait

Books and Resources for Adults

  • The Cool Aunt Series is more than an online course, it's an experience that can be done from the comfort of your home using any smart device. Using engaging and age-appropriate cinema, storytelling, lecture, and questions, the series walks teens through the STREAMS of Influence- - the 7 risk factors that lead to sex trafficking: Survival, Trafficker, Recruiter, Environment, Abuse, Media, and Solicitation. Founder Rachel Thomas is an appointee to the United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking, survivor of trafficking, and nationally renowned speaker. 


PAXA Pointers is a curriculum that provides effective evidence-based strategies to protect children in the following scenarios: Babysitters, Playdates, Schools, Sleepovers and Online Safety.

Child sexual abuse often operates within a tragic paradox: most parents brush off red-flag behavior and reduce scrutiny on “people that they trust.” The P.A.X.A. Pointers Curriculum is designed to address “blind spots'' that occur with trusted individuals in close proximity or virtually online. The CDC informs us that resources for child sexual abuse have mostly focused on treatment for victims; and although these efforts are crucial, little investment has been made in primary prevention of child sexual abuse before it occurs.


More Resources for Parents

Movies For Parents

Fashion Kids

Resources for Children & Tweens


Info and Conversation Starters

  • Surprises vs. Secrets - Learn practical guidelines on how to talk to your small children about safe touch and the difference between surprises and harmful secrets.​

  • Conversations To Have With Young Children - Learn conversations to have by age for young children. Teaching children rules helps keep them safe, but it’s hard to know how to say things so that your child will understand. You know your child best, but here are some guidelines about what to tell kids of different ages about how to stay safe from sexual abuse.


  • Clicker The Cat by Kyla Cullinane - Do you want to raise a confident child who can manage screen time successfully? Screens are everywhere but they don't have to control your kids. Empower them to use their screens wisely and create good electronic habits! This book series reaches kids at their level with a fun, engaging, and educational story about balancing screen time.

  • Good Pictures, Bad Pictures by Kristen Jensen - Young children deserve to be armed early against internet dangers. Good Pictures Bad Pictures Jr. makes it easy for parents to protect their young kid's ages 3 to 6. Using gentle, age-appropriate messages, children will learn to Turn, Run & Tell when they are accidentally exposed to inappropriate content.

Resources for Middle & High School Students


  • Chosen - Learn the shocking true story of two teen girls tricked by traffickers. Brianna, 18, was a star student, cheerleader, and waitress eager to break out of her small town to attend college in the big city. Lacy, 13, enjoyed church and school but struggled to help care for her siblings while her stepfather was deployed and her mother worked to support the family. Brianna and Lacy share how traffickers used manipulation to lure them into the world of sex trafficking.

  • Sexual Abuse In The Family - Sexual abuse can come from a relative or family member. We can see what that relationship might look like, how it might feel, and how to see your way out of it.

  • Online Sexual Abuse Can Happen - Kim finds that sexual abuse can happen in a relationship online/over text and shows how to navigate a relationship where your boundaries aren't respected. 

Online Resources

Happy Teens

Resources for High School & College Students


  • The Hunting Ground - Scrutinizing the gamut of elite Iives, state universities, and small colleges, filmmakers Kirby Dick and Amy Ziering reveal an endemic system of institutional cover-ups, rationalizations, victim-blaming, and denial that creates perfect storm conditions for predators to prey with impunity. Meanwhile, the film captures mavericks Andrea Pino and Annie Clark, survivors who are taking matters into their own hands—ingeniously employing Title IX legal strategy to fight back and share their knowledge among a growing, unstoppable network of young women who will no longer be silent.​ Since the film’s premiere at Sundance, it had been screened at the White House and on hundreds of college campuses across the country. The documentary has inspired new laws in New York and California and changes in campus policies.

  • Sugar Babies - Katie Woods just transferred from community college to Montlake University for their renowned art history program, but campus life is proving more expensive than Katie anticipated. In class, she meets Tessa and is introduced to Tessa’s high-class, expensive lifestyle… all paid for by her older, and richer, boyfriend Leo. While impressed by Tessa’s cultured tastes, Katie is skeptical about the relationships Tessa and her friends pursue– until Katie gets the opportunity of a lifetime to study in Florence, but realizes there is no way she can afford to go. She agrees to Tessa’s suggestion to join her on a double date and, against her better instincts, finds herself falling for Giles, a British businessman who is handsome, successful, and able to write a check to make Katie’s dreams of Florence come true. But Katie soon realizes that having a Sugar Daddy comes at its own price. Alyson Stoner, Tiera Skovbye star.

  • Same Gender, Different Story - This movie shares the story of a teen boy and how he was trafficked. It also shows how staff suspected something was going on but because of the stereotype “Boys Will Be Boys,” many signs were looked past.

  • Sextortion



  • Discover how to protect yourself and step into the freedom you were created for in our CEO/Co-Founder Elizabeth Good's book, Groomed.

Online Resources


Call 888-3737-888 For Help


Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018. United Nations Publication, Dec. 2018,

The Issues: Child Sex Trafficking. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children,

Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour and Forced Marriage. International Labour Organization, Walk Free Foundation, 2017.

Fisher, Nicole. Human Trafficking Is In Plain Sight. Are You Supporting It Without Knowing?Forbes, 28 Sept. 2017,

The State of the World's Children 2006; Excluded and Invisible. UNICEF, Dec. 2005,

1) Kessler, G. (2015, May 28). The bogus claim that 300,000 U.S. children are 'at risk' of sexual exploitation. Retrieved from  
2) Center for Missing and Exploited Children 3) Murphy, Laura. Loyola University and Modern Slavery Research Project (2017). Labor and Sex Trafficking Amoung Homeless Youth.

Townsend, Catherine. Estimating a Child Sexual Abuse Prevalance Rates for Practitioners. Darkness 2 Light, Aug. 2013,

1.) The Issues: Child Sex Trafficking. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children,
2.) Bouche, Vanessa. A Report on the Use of Technology to Recruit, Groom and Sell Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Victims. THORN, Jan. 2015, 3.) 2017 Statistics from the Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree Textline. Polaris, 2017, (1).pdf.

UNICEF Unite: Fast Facts. UNICEF, Facts UNICEF USA.pdf.

Dank, Meredith, et al. Estimating the Size and and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities. Urban Institute, 12 Mar. 2014,

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Dec. 2018,

Madigan, Sheri, et al. The Prevalence of Unwanted Online Sexual Exposure and Solicitation Among Youth: A Meta-Analysis. Elsevier Inc. , Aug. 2018,

Monto, Martin, and Nick McRee. “A Comparison of the Male Customers of Female Street Prostitutes with National Samples of Men.” Vol. 49, no. 5, Oct. 2005, pp. 505–29.,

No source needed.

Can You Guess 2018's Most Viewed Categories on the Largest Porn Site? Fight the New Drug, 9 July 2019,

Kleinman, Alexis. Porn Sites Get More Visitors Each Month Than Netflix, Amazon and Twitter Combined. HuffPost, 4 May 2013,

Common Sense Media,

Common Sense Media,

Farley, Melissa. “Renting an Organ for Ten Minutes: What Tricks Tell Us about Prostitution, Pornography, and Trafficking.” Pornography: Driving the Demand in International Sex Trafficking, edited by David E. Guinn and Julie DiCaro, Xlibris, 2007, 145.

1) National Center on Sexual Exploitation 2) CPYU's Digital Kid's Initiative; Journal of Family Medicine

Child Crime Prevention & Safety Center

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